WP1 aims to clarify the concepts and definitions of public goods (PG) and ecosystem services (ESS) in a rural context, explaining their genesis from different academic disciplines and analysing the overlaps/distinctions between them. One of the outputs of WP1 will be the development of a unifying conceptual approach connecting the ‘environmental and social benefits’ deriving from the provision of public goods and ecosystem services, and which is relevant to agriculture and forestry policy and practice.
Another output of WP1 will be the creation of an inventory to characterise the interplay between the production of private goods and related provision of environmental and social benefits from agricultural and forest land in different contexts. WP1 will also involve a review of the methods to assess societal appreciation as an expression of demand for environmental and social benefits delivered by rural land, as well as reviewing the mechanisms already developed to enhance the value attributed to social and environmental benefits from agricultural and forest systems as a means of encouraging their provision, including the use of public and private initiatives.
All these strands will be pulled together in the synthesis phase of WP1, deriving key questions to guide WP4 (Case studies) and the analysis within WP5 (Mechanisms, tools and public and private solutions).